man(1) Manual page archive

     ht - RH-11/TU-16 magtape interface

     The files mt0, ..., mt7 refer to the DEC RH/TM/TU16 magtape.
     When opened for reading or writing, the tape is rewound.
     When closed, it is rewound; if it was open for writing, a
     double end-of-file is written first.

     A standard tape consists of a series of 512 byte records
     terminated by a double end-of-file.  To the extent possible,
     the system makes it possible, if inefficient, to treat the
     tape like any other file.  Seeks have their usual meaning
     and it is possible to read or write a byte at a time.  Writ-
     ing in very small units is inadvisable, however, because it
     tends to create monstrous record gaps.

     The mt files discussed above are useful when it is desired
     to access the tape in a way compatible with ordinary files.
     When foreign tapes are to be dealt with, and especially when
     long records are to be read or written, the ``raw'' inter-
     face is appropriate.  The associated files are named rmt0,
     ..., rmt7.  Each read or write call reads or writes the next
     record on the tape.  In the write case the record has the
     same length as the buffer given.  During a read, the record
     size is passed back as the number of bytes read, provided it
     is no greater than the buffer size; if the record is long,
     an error is indicated.  In raw tape I/O, the buffer must
     begin on a word boundary and the count must be even.  Seeks
     are ignored.  An error is returned when a tape mark is read,
     but another read will fetch the first record of the new tape

     /dev/mt?, /dev/rmt?

     tp (I)

     Raw I/O doesnt work yet.  The magtape system is supposed to
     be able to take 64 drives.  Such addressing has never been
     tried.  These bugs will be fixed when we get more experience
     with this device.

     If any non-data error is encountered, it refuses to do any-
     thing more until closed.  In raw I/O, there should be a way
     to perform forward and backward record and file spacing and
     to write an EOF mark.