MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

          ms - macros for formatting manuscripts

          nroff -ms [ options ] file ...
          troff -ms [ options ] file ...

          This package of nroff and troff macro definitions provides a
          canned formatting facility for technical papers in various
          formats.  When producing 2-column output on a terminal, fil-
          ter the output through col(1).

          The macro requests are defined below.  Many nroff and troff
          requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package, but
          these requests may be used with impunity after the first

               .bp   begin new page
               .br   break output line here
               .sp n insert n spacing lines
               .ls n (line spacing) n=1 single, n=2 double space
               .na   no alignment of right margin

          Output of the eqn, neqn, tbl, and refer(1) preprocessors for
          equations, tables and references is acceptable as input.

          Diacritical marks may be applied to letters, as in these

               \*`e \*`a \*'e \*^e \*^o \*:u \*~n \*,c \*vc
               `e    `a    'e    ^e    ^o    .u.    ~n    ,c    vc


          eqn(1), troff(1), refer(1), tbl(1)

     Request   Initial Cause Explanation
               Value   Break
     .1C       yes     yes   One column format on a new page.
     .2C       no      yes   Two column format.
     .AB       no      yes   Begin abstract.
     .AE       -       yes   End abstract.
     .AI       no      yes   Author's institution follows.  Suppressed
                             in TM.
     .AT       no      yes   Print `Attached' and turn off line fill-

     MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

     .AU x y   no      yes   Author's name follows.  x is location and
                             y is extension, ignored except in TM.
     .B x y    no      no    Print x in boldface and append y; if no
                             argument switch to boldface.
     .B1       no      yes   Begin text to be enclosed in a box.
     .B2       no      yes   End boxed text.
     .BT       date    no    Bottom title, automatically invoked at
                             foot of page.  May be redefined.
     .BX x     no      no    Print x in a box.
     .CS x...  -       yes   Cover sheet info if TM format, suppressed
                             otherwise.  Arguments are number of text
                             pages, other pages, total pages, figures,
                             tables, references.
     .CT       no      yes   Print `Copies to' and turn off line fill-
     .DA x     nroff   no    `Date line' at bottom of page is x.
                             Default is today.
     .DE       -       yes   End displayed text.  Implies .KE.
     .DS x     no      yes   Start of displayed text, to appear verba-
                             tim line-by-line.  x=I for indented
                             display (default), x=L for left-justified
                             on the page, x=C for centered, x=B
                             (block) for centered with straight left
                             margin.  Implies .KS.
     .EG       no      -     Print document in BTL format for
                             `Engineer's Notes.'  Must be first.
     .EN       -       yes   Space after equation produced by eqn or
     .EQ x y   -       yes   Display equation.  Equation number is y.
                             Optional argument x=I, L, C as in .DS.
     .FE       -       yes   End footnote.
     .FP       -       no    Set font positions for a family, e.g.,
                             ".FP palatino"
     .FS       no      no    Start footnote.  The note will be moved
                             to the bottom of the page.
     .HO       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey
     .I x y    no      no    Italicize x and append y; if no argument
                             switch to Italic.
     .IH       no      no    `Bell Laboratories, Naperville, Illinois
     .IM       no      no    Print document in BTL format for an
                             internal memorandum.  Must be first.
     .IP x y   no      yes   Start indented paragraph, with hanging
                             tag x. Indentation is y ens (default 5).
     .KE       -       yes   End keep.  Put kept text on next page if
                             not enough room.
     .KF       no      yes   Start floating keep.  If the kept text
                             must be moved to the next page, float
                             later text back to this page.
     .KS       no      yes   Start keeping following text.
     .LG       no      no    Make letters larger.

     MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

     .LP       yes     yes   Start left-blocked paragraph.
     .LT       no      yes   Start a letter with today's date; address
     .MF       -       -     Print document in BTL format for `Memo-
                             randum for File.'  Must be first.
     .MH       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jer-
                             sey 07974'.
     .MR       -       -     Print document in BTL format for `Memo-
                             randum for Record.'  Must be first.
     .ND date  troff   no    Use date supplied (if any) only in spe-
                             cial BTL format positions; omit from page
     .NH n     -       yes   Same as .SH, with section number supplied
                             automatically.  Numbers are multilevel,
                             like 1.2.3, where n tells what level is
                             wanted (default is 1).
     .NL       yes     no    Make letters normal size.
     .OK       -       yes   `Other keywords' for TM cover sheet fol-
     .PP       no      yes   Begin paragraph.  First line indented.
     .PT       pg #    -     Page title, automatically invoked at top
                             of page.  May be redefined.
     .PY       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Piscataway, New Jer-
                             sey 08854'
     .QE       -       yes   End quoted material.
     .QP       -       yes   Begin single quoted paragraph (indent
                             both margins).
     .QS       -       yes   Begin quoted material (indent both mar-
     .R        yes     no    Roman text follows.
     .RE       -       yes   End relative indent level.
     .RP       no      -     Cover sheet and first page for released
                             paper.  Must precede other requests.
     .RS       -       yes   Start level of relative indentation from
                             which subsequent indentation is measured.
     .SG x     no      yes   Insert signature(s) of author(s), ignored
                             except in TM.  x is the reference line
                             (initials of author and typist).  .}f
     .SH       -       yes   Section head follows, font automatically
     .SM       no      no    Make letters smaller.
     .TA x...  5...    no    Set tabs in ens.  Default is 5 10 15 ...
     .TE       -       yes   End table.
     .TH       -       yes   End heading section of table.
     .TL       no      yes   Title follows.
     .TM x...  no      -     Print document in BTL technical memoran-
                             dum format.  Arguments are TM number,
                             (quoted list of) case number(s), and file
                             number.  Must precede other requests.
     .TR x     -       -     Print in BTL technical report format;
                             report number is x.  Must be first.
     .TS x     -       yes   Begin table; if x is H table heading is

     MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

                             repeated on new pages.
     .UL x     -       no    Underline argument (even in troff).
     .UX       -       no    `UNIX'; first time used, add footnote
                             `UNIX is a trademark of Bell Laborato-
     .WH       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Whippany, New Jersey
     .[        -       no    Begin reference; see refer(1)
     .]        -       no    End reference