TERMCAP(3)                                             TERMCAP(3)

     NAME
          tgetent, tgetnum, tgetflag, tgetstr, tgoto, tputs - terminal
          independent operation routines

     SYNOPSIS
          char PC;
          char *BC;
          char *UP;
          short ospeed;

          tgetent(bp, name)
          char *bp, *name;

          tgetnum(id)
          char *id;

          tgetflag(id)
          char *id;

          char *
          tgetstr(id, area)
          char *id, **area;

          char *
          tgoto(cm, destcol, destline)
          char *cm;

          tputs(cp, affcnt, outc)
          register char *cp;
          int affcnt;
          int (*outc)();

     DESCRIPTION
          These functions extract and use capabilities from the termi-
          nal capability data base termcap(5). These are low level
          routines; see curses(3) for a higher level package.

          Tgetent extracts the entry for terminal name into the buffer
          at bp. Bp should be a character buffer of size 1024 and must
          be retained through all subsequent calls to tgetnum,
          tgetflag, and tgetstr. Tgetent returns -1 if it cannot open
          the termcap file, 0 if the terminal name given does not have
          an entry, and 1 if all goes well.  It will look in the envi-
          ronment for a TERMCAP variable.  If found, and the value
          does not begin with a slash, and the terminal type name is
          the same as the environment string TERM, the TERMCAP string
          is used instead of reading the termcap file.  If it does
          begin with a slash, the string is used as a path name rather
          than /etc/termcap. This can speed up entry into programs
          that call tgetent, as well as to help debug new terminal

     TERMCAP(3)                                             TERMCAP(3)

          descriptions or to make one for your terminal if you can't
          write the file /etc/termcap.

          Tgetnum gets the numeric value of capability id, returning
          -1 if is not given for the terminal.  Tgetflag returns 1 if
          the specified capability is present in the terminal's entry,
          0 if it is not.  Tgetstr gets the string value of capability
          id, placing it in the buffer at area, advancing the area
          pointer.  It decodes the abbreviations for this field
          described in termcap(5), except for cursor addressing and
          padding information.

          Tgoto returns a cursor addressing string decoded from cm to
          go to column destcol in line destline. It uses the external
          variables UP (from the up capability) and BC (if bc is given
          rather than bs) if necessary to avoid placing \n, ^D or ^@
          in the returned string.  (Programs which call tgoto should
          be sure to turn off the XTABS bit(s), since tgoto may now
          output a tab.  Note that programs using termcap should in
          general turn off XTABS anyway since some terminals use con-
          trol I for other functions, such as nondestructive space.)
          If a % sequence is given which is not understood, then tgoto
          returns `OOPS'.

          Tputs decodes the leading padding information of the string
          cp; affcnt gives the number of lines affected by the opera-
          tion, or 1 if this is not applicable, outc is a routine
          which is called with each character in turn.  The external
          variable ospeed should contain the output speed of the ter-
          minal as encoded by stty (2). The external variable PC
          should contain a pad character to be used (from the pc capa-
          bility) if a null (^@) is inappropriate.

     FILES
          /usr/lib/libtermcap.a  -ltermcap library
          /etc/termcap           data base

     SEE ALSO
          ex(1), curses(3), termcap(5)

     AUTHOR
          William Joy

     BUGS