TAIL(1) TAIL(1) NAME tail - deliver the last part of a file SYNOPSIS tail [ ±number[lbc][fr] ] [ file ] DESCRIPTION Tail copies the named file to the standard output beginning at a designated place. If no file is named, the standard input is used. Copying begins at distance +number from the beginning, or -number from the end of the input. Number is counted in units of lines, 1K blocks or characters, according to the appended option l, b or c. When no units are specified, counting is by lines. Option r causes tail to print lines from the end of the file in reverse order. Option f (follow) causes tail not to stop at the end, and to watch for further data to appear. SEE ALSO dd(1) BUGS Tails relative to the end of the file are treasured up in a buffer, and thus are limited in length. Various kinds of anomalous behavior may happen with charac- ter special files.