PASSWD(1) PASSWD(1) NAME passwd - change login password SYNOPSIS passwd [ -an ] [ name ] DESCRIPTION This command changes (or installs) a password associated with the user name (your own name by default). The program prompts for the old password and then for the new one. The caller must supply both. The new password must be typed twice, to forestall mistakes. New passwords must be at least four characters long if they use a sufficiently rich alphabet and at least six characters long if monocase. These rules are relaxed if you are insis- tent enough. Only the owner of the name or the super-user may change a password; the owner must prove he knows the old password. If the -a option is given, passwd prompts for new values of certain fields of the password file entry. The super-user may use the -n option to install new users. The prompts are self-explanatory, and most of the defaults obvious. A null response to the ``UID:'' prompt assigns a numeric userid one greater than the largest one previously in /etc/passwd. A null response to the ``Directory:'' prompt assigns the user a home directory in /usr. If the first character of the response to this prompt is an asterisk, the remaining characters are taken as the name of the new user's home directory, and a symbolic link to this directory is placed in /usr. A user can be assigned a directory with a name of the form /dir/username by replying *dir. A new user's home directory starts with a file named .profile. This file is a copy of /etc/stdprofile with \N replaced by the user's name, and \D replaced by the name of the user's home directory. FILES /etc/passwd /etc/stdprofile SEE ALSO passwd(5), crypt(3) Robert Morris and Ken Thompson, UNIX password security PASSWD(1) PASSWD(1) BUGS The password file information should be kept in a different data structure allowing indexed access.