DIRED(1)                                                 DIRED(1)

     NAME
          dired - directory editor

     SYNOPSIS
          dired [ option ... ] [ dir-name | file-list ]

     DESCRIPTION
          Dired displays a directory listing like `ls -l' (see ls(1))
          and allows you to prowl around the listed entries, deleting,
          editing, and displaying them.  Dired must know what kind of
          terminal you are using; the environment variable TERM should
          be set (see term(7)).

          With no argument, the current directory is listed.  With
          only one argument, the argument is interpreted as a direc-
          tory and it is listed.  With multiple arguments, the argu-
          ments are interpreted as filenames.

          Options are:

          -[sr][nsrw]
               Sort or reverse sort by Name, Size, Read date, or Write
               date respectively.

          -wn  If n is f, use the full screen; if h, use half the
               screen (default); if a number, use n lines for the
               directory listing , reserving the rest of the screen
               for quick file display.

          The fields of a dired listing are: mode, link count, owner,
          size, write date and name.  A cursor shows the current
          entry.

          Commands consist of single characters; arguments are
          prompted for, and echoed, in the bottom line of the screen.
          The commands are:

          <cr>
          <lf>
          ^N   Step to the next file.

          ^
          -
          <backspace>
          ^P   Step to previous file.

          !    Prompt for a shell command.  The command is executed,
               and confirmation is required before returning to the
               display. All `%' characters in the command are replaced
               with the pathname of the current entry, and all `#'

     DIRED(1)                                                 DIRED(1)

               characters are replaced with the trailing filename com-
               ponent (what you see on the screen).

          .    Repeats the previous ! shell command, substituting the
               current entry for any special characters (%#) in the
               original command.

          a    Abort this directory level of dired without deleting
               any files.

          b    Step one page backward in the directory listing.

          c    Refresh the current line.

          d    Mark the current entry for deletion.  Deletion of a
               directory is recursive.

          e    If the current entry is a file, edit it with the editor
               `e', or another editor named by the environment vari-
               able EDITOR.  If the current entry is a directory,
               descend (by forking) to list that directory.

          f    Step one page forward in the directory listing.

          h
          ?    Display a help file.

          l
          ^L   Refresh the display.

          m    Display the current file with the pager p(1), or
               another pager named by the environment variable PAGER.
               (Supply your own etymology for `m'.)

          p    Print the current file on the line printer.

          q    Quit this directory level of dired. List the files
               marked for deletion and request confirmation before
               deleting them.

          r
          s    Sort the file list by various fields: name, read date,
               size, write date, denoted `n', `r', `s', and `w'.
               Default sort is by name.  Ordering for s is increasing
               if by name, decreasing if by size or date.  Ordering
               for r is opposite.  A sort can be stopped with ^G.

          t    Type.  Display the current file.  In two-window mode
               pause after each screenfull until you type a carriage
               return.  The display may be interrupted by ^C or `q'.

          T    Same as t but without any pauses.

     DIRED(1)                                                 DIRED(1)

          u    Unmark the current entry if it was marked for deletion.

     FILES
          /usr/lib/dired  help file for `?' and `h'
          lpr(1)          line printer

     SEE ALSO
          ls(1)

     DIAGNOSTICS
          While dired is preparing a listing it reports, `Reading,'
          and types a dot for each 10 files.

     BUGS
          Long lines and diagnostics can foul up the display.
          Needs a command to search for a given file.