TAR(1)                                                     TAR(1)

     NAME
          tar  -  tape archiver

     SYNOPSIS
          tar [ key ] [ name ... ]

     DESCRIPTION
          Tar saves and restores files on magtape.  Its actions are
          controlled by the key argument.  The key is a string of
          characters containing at most one function letter and possi-
          bly one or more function modifiers.  Other arguments to the
          command are file or directory names specifying which files
          are to be dumped or restored.  In all cases, appearance of a
          directory name refers to the files and (recursively) subdi-
          rectories of that directory.

          The function portion of the key is specified by one of the
          following letters:

          r       The named files are written on the end of the tape.
                  The c function implies this.

          x       The named files are extracted from the tape.  If the
                  named file matches a directory whose contents had
                  been written onto the tape, this directory is
                  (recursively) extracted.  The owner, modification
                  time, and mode are restored (if possible).  If no
                  file argument is given, the entire content of the
                  tape is extracted.  Note that if multiple entries
                  specifying the same file are on the tape, the last
                  one overwrites all earlier.

          t       The names of the specified files are listed each
                  time they occur on the tape.  If no file argument is
                  given, all of the names on the tape are listed.

          u       The named files are added to the tape if either they
                  are not already there or have been modified since
                  last put on the tape.

          c       Create a new tape; writing begins on the beginning
                  of the tape instead of after the last file.  This
                  command implies r.

          The following characters may be used in addition to the let-
          ter which selects the function desired.

          0,...,7   This modifier selects the drive on which the tape
                    is mounted.  The default is 1.

     TAR(1)                                                     TAR(1)

          v         Normally tar does its work silently.  The v (ver-
                    bose) option causes it to type the name of each
                    file it treats preceded by the function letter.
                    With the t function, v gives more information
                    about the tape entries than just the name.

          w         causes tar to print the action to be taken fol-
                    lowed by file name, then wait for user confirma-
                    tion. If a word beginning with `y' is given, the
                    action is performed. Any other input means don't
                    do it.

          f         causes tar to use the next argument as the name of
                    the archive instead of /dev/mt?. If the name of
                    the file is `-', tar writes to standard output or
                    reads from standard input, whichever is appropri-
                    ate. Thus, tar can be used as the head or tail of
                    a filter chain Tar can also be used to move hier-
                    archies with the command
                      cd fromdir; tar cf - . | (cd todir; tar xf -)

          b         causes tar to use the next argument as the block-
                    ing factor for tape records. The default is 1, the
                    maximum is 20. This option should only be used
                    with raw magnetic tape archives (See f above).
                    The block size is determined automatically when
                    reading tapes (key letters `x' and `t').

          l         tells tar to complain if it cannot resolve all of
                    the links to the files dumped. If this is not
                    specified, no error messages are printed.

          m         tells tar to not restore the modification times.
                    The mod time will be the time of extraction.

     FILES
          /dev/mt?
          /tmp/tar*

     DIAGNOSTICS
          Complaints about bad key characters and tape read/write
          errors.
          Complaints if enough memory is not available to hold the
          link tables.

     BUGS
          There is no way to ask for the n-th occurrence of a file.
          Tape errors are handled ungracefully.
          The u option can be slow.
          The b option should not be used with archives that are going
          to be updated. The current magtape driver cannot backspace
          raw magtape.  If the archive is on a disk file the b option

     TAR(1)                                                     TAR(1)

          should not be used at all, as updating an archive stored in
          this manner can destroy it.
          The current limit on file name length is 100 characters.