ACCESS(2) ACCESS(2) NAME access - determine accessibility of file SYNOPSIS #include <u.h> #include <libc.h> int access(char *name, int mode) DESCRIPTION Access evaluates the given file name for accessibility. If mode&4 is nonzero, read permission is expected; if mode&2, write permission; if mode&1, execute permission. If mode==0, the file merely need exist. In any case all direc- tories leading to the file must permit searches. Zero is returned if the desired access is permitted, -1 if not. Only access bits are checked. A file may look executable, but exec(2) will fail unless it is in proper format. The include file defines AEXIST=0, AEXEC=1, AWRITE=2, and AREAD=4. SOURCE /sys/src/libc/9sys/access.c SEE ALSO stat(2) DIAGNOSTICS Sets errstr. BUGS Since file permissions are checked by the server and group information is not known to the client, access must open the file to check permissions. (It calls stat(2) to check sim- ple existence.) Besides giving misleading information about the writability of directories, this is as expensive as the open that access is often intended to avoid.