ARG(2)                                                     ARG(2)

     NAME
          ARGBEGIN, ARGEND, ARGC, ARGF, arginit, argopt - process
          option letters from argv

     SYNOPSIS
          #include <u.h>
          #include <libc.h>

          ARGBEGIN {
          char *ARGF();
          Rune ARGC();
          } ARGEND

          extern char *argv0;

          /* Alef only */

          Arg  *arginit(int argc, byte **argv);

          Rune argopt(Arg *arg);

          byte *argf(Arg *arg);

     DESCRIPTION
          These macros assume the names argc and argv are in scope;
          see exec(2). ARGBEGIN and ARGEND surround code for process-
          ing program options.  The code should be the cases of a C
          switch on option characters; it is executed once for each
          option character.  Options end after an argument --, before
          an argument -, or before an argument that doesn't begin with
          -.

          ARGC() returns the current option character.

          ARGF() returns the current option argument: a pointer to the
          rest of the option string if not empty, or the next argument
          in argv if any, or 0.  ARGF must be called just once for
          each option that takes an argument.

          After ARGBEGIN, argv0 is a copy of argv[0] (conventionally
          the name of the program).

          After ARGEND, argv points at a zero-terminated list of the
          remaining argc arguments.

        Alef
          The Alef argument processing routines are unrelated.
          Instead, an aggr called Arg is initialized by a call to
          arginit. Successive calls to argopt return successive option
          characters, or zero at the end of the options.  After a call

     ARG(2)                                                     ARG(2)

          to argopt, argf will return any argument string associated
          with the option.

     EXAMPLES
          This C program can take option b and option f, which
          requires an argument.

               #include <u.h>
               #include <libc.h>
               void
               main(int argc, char *argv[])
               {
                       char *f;
                       print("%s", argv[0]);
                       ARGBEGIN {
                       case 'b':
                               print(" -b");
                               break;
                       case 'f':
                               print(" -f(%s)", (f=ARGF())? f: "no arg");
                               break;
                       default:
                               print(" badflag('%c')", ARGC());
                       } ARGEND
                       print(" %d args:", argc);
                       while(*argv)
                               print(" '%s'", *argv++);
                       print("\n");
                       exits(0);
               }

          Here is the output for the run prog -bffile1 -r -f file2
          arg1 arg2

               prog -b -f(file1) badflag('r') -f(file2) 2 args: 'arg1'
               'arg2'

          This Alef program accepts options b and, with an attached
          file name, f.

               #include <alef.h>
               void
               main(int argc, byte **argv)
               {
                       int a, ac, bflag;
                       byte *file;
                       Arg *arg;

                       arg = arginit(argc, argv);
                       while(ac = argopt(arg)) switch(ac){
                       case 'b':
                               bflag = 1;

     ARG(2)                                                     ARG(2)

                               break;
                       case 'f':
                               file = argf(arg);
                               break;
                       }
                       for(a=0; a<arg->ac; a++)
                               print("argument %s\n", arg->av[a]);
               }

     SOURCE
          /sys/include/libc.h