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     XD(1)                                                       XD(1)

          xd - hex, octal, decimal, or ASCII dump

          xd [ option ... ] [ -format ...  ] [ file ... ]

          Xd concatenates and dumps the files (standard input by
          default) in one or more formats.  Groups of 16 bytes are
          printed in each of the named formats, one format per line.
          Each line of output is prefixed by its address (byte offset)
          in the input file.  The first line of output for each group
          is zero-padded; subsequent are blank-padded.

          Formats other than -c are specified by pairs of characters
          telling size and style, `4x' by default.  The sizes are

          1 or b   1-byte units.
          2 or w   2-byte big-endian units.
          4 or l   4-byte big-endian units.

          The styles are

          o    Octal.
          x    Hexadecimal.
          d    Decimal.

          Other options are

          -c       Format as 1x but print ASCII representations or C
                   escape sequences where possible.

          -astyle  Print file addresses in the given style (and size

          -u       (Unbuffered) Flush the output buffer after each
                   16-byte sequence.

          -s       Reverse (swab) the order of bytes in each group of
                   4 before printing.

          -r       Print repeating groups of identical 16-byte
                   sequences as the first group followed by an aster-


          The various output formats don't line up properly in the

     XD(1)                                                       XD(1)

          output of xd.