TAIL(1) TAIL(1) NAME tail - deliver the last part of a file SYNOPSIS tail [ +-number[lbc][rf] ] [ file ] DESCRIPTION Tail copies the named file to the standard output beginning at a designated place. If no file is named, the standard input is copied. Copying begins at position +number measured from the begin- ning, or -number from the end of the input. Number is counted in lines, 1K blocks or characters, according to the appended flag `l', `b', or `c'. Default is -10l (ten ell). The further flag `r' causes tail to print lines from the end of the file in reverse order; `f' (follow) causes tail, after printing to the end, to keep watch and print further data as it appears. EXAMPLES tail file Print the last 10 lines of a file. tail +0f file Print a file, and continue to watch data accumulate as it grows. sed 10q file Print the first 10 lines of a file. BUGS Tails relative to the end of the file are treasured up in a buffer, and thus are limited in length. According to custom, option +number counts lines from 1, and counts blocks and characters from 0.