SNOOPY(8) SNOOPY(8) NAME snoopy - spy on network packets SYNOPSIS snoopy [ -CDdpst ] [ -M m ] [ -N n ] [ -f filter-expression ] [ -h first-header ] [ packet-source ] snoopy -? [ proto... ] DESCRIPTION Snoopy reads packets from a packet-source (default /net/ether0), matches them to a filter (by default anything matches), and writes matching packets to standard output either in human readable form (default) or in a binary trace format that can be later read by snoopy. Packet-source can be the name of an Ethernet (e.g., /net/ether0), an interface (e.g., /net/ipifc/0), or a file of captured packets. The human readable format consists of multiple lines per packet. The first line contains the milliseconds since the trace was started. Subsequent ones are indented with a tab and each contains the dump of a single protocol header. The last line contains the dump of any contained data. For example, a BOOTP packet would look like: 324389 ms ether(s=0000929b1b54 d=ffffffffffff pr=0800 ln=342) ip(s=220.127.116.11 d=255.255.255.255 id=5099 frag=0000... udp(s=68 d=67 ck=d151 ln= 308) bootp(t=Req ht=1 hl=16 hp=0 xid=217e5f27 sec=0 fl=800... dhcp(t=Request clientid=0152415320704e7266238ebf01030... The binary format consists of: 2 bytes of packet length, msb first 8 bytes of nanosecond time, msb first the packet Filters are expressions specifying protocols to be traced and specific values for fields in the protocol headers. The grammar is: expr: protocol | field '=' value | field '!=' value | protocol '(' expr ')' | '(' expr ')' | expr '||' expr SNOOPY(8) SNOOPY(8) | expr '&&' expr | '!' expr The values for protocol and field can be obtained using the -? option. With no arguments, it lists the known protocols. Otherwise it prints, for each protocol specified, which sub- protocols it can multiplex to, and which fields can be used for filtering. For example, the listing for ethernet is currently: ether's filter attributes: s - source address d - destination address a - source|destination address sd - source|destination address t - type ether's subprotos: 0x0800 ip 0x8863 pppoe_disc 0x0806 arp 0x8864 pppoe_sess 0x0806 rarp 0x888e eapol 0x86dd ip6 The format of value depends on context. In general, ether- net addresses are entered as a string of hex digits; IP num- bers in the canonical `.' format for v4 and `:' format for v6; and ports in decimal. Snoopy's options are: -C compute the correct checksum for each packet; on mis- match, add a field !ck=xxxx where xxxx is the correct checksum. -D output will be a binary trace file in Unix pcap format. -d output will be a binary trace file. -t input is a binary trace file as generated with the -d option. -p do not enter promiscuous mode. Only packets to this interface will be seen. -s force one output line per packet. The default is mul- tiline. -M discard all but the first m bytes of each packet. The default is to keep the entire packet. This option is most useful when writing packets to a file with the -d option. -N dump n data bytes per packet. The default is 32. SNOOPY(8) SNOOPY(8) -f use filter-expression to filter the packet stream. The default is to match all packets. -h assume the first header per packet to be of the first- header protocol. The default is `ether'. EXAMPLES To display only BOOTP and ARP packets: % snoopy -f 'arp || bootp' after optimize: ether(arp || ip(udp(bootp))) The first line of output shows the completed filter expres- sion. Snoopy will fill in other protocols as necessary to complete the filter and then optimize to remove redundant comparisons. To save all packets between 18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124 and later display those to/from TCP port 80: % ramfs % snoopy -df 'ip(s=126.96.36.199 && d=188.8.131.52) ||\ ip(s=184.108.40.206 && d=220.127.116.11)' > /tmp/quux <interrupt from the keyboard> % snoopy -tf 'tcp(sd=80)' /tmp/quux FILES /net/ether0 Ethernet device SOURCE /sys/src/cmd/ip/snoopy BUGS Snoopy only dumps ethernet packets, because there's no device to get IP packets without a media header.