MKFS(8)                                                   MKFS(8)

     NAME
          mkfs, mkext - archive or update a file system

     SYNOPSIS
          disk/mkfs [-aprvxU] [-d root] [-n name] [-s source] [-u
          users] [-z n] proto ...

          disk/mkext [-d name] [-u] [-h] [-v] [-x] [-T] file ...

     DESCRIPTION
          Mkfs copies files from the file tree source (default /) to a
          kfs file system (see kfs(4)). The kfs service is mounted on
          root (default /n/kfs), and /adm/users is copied to
          root/adm/users.  The proto files are read (see proto(2) for
          their format) and any files specified in them that are out
          of date are copied to /n/kfs.

          Mkfs copies only those files that are out of date.  Such a
          file is first copied into a temporary file in the appropri-
          ate destination directory and then moved to the destination
          file.  Files in the kfs file system that are not specified
          in the proto file are not updated and not removed.

          The options to mkfs are:

          a         Instead of writing to a kfs file system, write an
                    archive file to standard output, suitable for
                    mkext. All files in proto, not just those out of
                    date, are archived.
          x         For use with -a, this option writes a list of file
                    names, dates, and sizes to standard output rather
                    than producing an archive file.
          d root    Copy files into the tree rooted at root (default
                    /n/kfs).  This option suppresses setting the uid
                    and gid fields when copying files.  Use -U to
                    reenable it.
          n name    Use kfs.name as the name of the kfs service
                    (default kfs).
          p         Update the permissions of a file even if it is up
                    to date.
          r         Copy all files.
          s source  Copy from files rooted at the tree source.
          u users   Copy file users into /adm/users in the new system.
          v         Print the names of all of the files as they are
                    copied.
          z n       Copy files assuming kfs block n (default 1024)
                    bytes long.  If a block contains only 0-valued
                    bytes, it is not copied.

          Mkext unpacks archive files made by the -a option of mkfs.

     MKFS(8)                                                   MKFS(8)

          Each file on the command line is unpacked in one pass
          through the archive.  If the file is a directory, all files
          and subdirectories of that directory are also unpacked.
          When a file is unpacked, the entire path is created if it
          does not exist.  If no files are specified, the entire
          archive is unpacked; in this case, missing intermediate
          directories are not created.  The options are:

          d    specifies a directory (default /) to serve as the root
               of the unpacked file system.

          u    sets the owners of the files created to correspond to
               those in the archive and restores the modification
               times of the files.

          T    restores only the modification times of the files.

          v    prints the names and sizes of files as they are
               extracted.

          h    prints headers for the files on standard output instead
               of unpacking the files.

     EXAMPLES
          Make an archive to establish a new file system:

               disk/mkfs -a -u files/adm.users -s dist proto > arch

          Unpack that archive onto a new file system:

               srv newfs
               mount -c /srv/newfs /n/newfs
               disk/mkext -u -d /n/newfs < arch

          Copy a subtree, from-dir, to another, to-dir, with greater
          fidelity than dircp:

               disk/mkfs -a -s from-dir /sys/lib/sysconfig/proto/allproto |
                    disk/mkext -ud to-dir

     SOURCE
          /sys/src/cmd/disk/mkfs.c
          /sys/src/cmd/disk/mkext.c

     SEE ALSO
          prep(8), kfscmd(8), sd(3), tar(1)