U9FS(4) U9FS(4) NAME u9fs - serve 9P from Unix SYNOPSIS u9fs [ -Dnz ] [ -a authtype ] [ -A autharg ] [ -l logfile ] [ -m msize ] [ -u onlyuser ] fsroot DESCRIPTION U9fs is not a Plan 9 program. Instead it is a program that serves Unix files to Plan 9 machines using the 9P protocol (see intro(5)). It is typically invoked on a Unix machine by inetd with its standard input and output connected to a net- work connection, typically TCP on an Ethernet. It typically runs as user root and multiplexes access to multiple Plan 9 clients over the single wire. It assumes Plan 9 uids match Unix login names, and changes to the corresponding Unix effective uid when processing requests. Characters in file and directory names unacceptable to Plan 9 are translated into a three-character sequence: `\' followed by two hex- adecimal digits. U9fs serves both 9P1 (the 9P protocol as used by the second and third editions of Plan 9) and 9P2000. The options are: -D Write very chatty debugging output to the log file (see -l option below). -n Signals that u9fs is not being invoked with a network connection on standard input and output, and thus should not try to determine the remote address of the connection. This is useful when u9fs is not invoked from inetd (see examples below). -z Truncate the log file on startup. This is use- ful mainly when debugging with -D. -a authtype Sets the authentication method to be used. Authtype should be rhosts, none, or p9any. The default is rhosts, which uses the ruserok library call to authenticate users by entries in /etc/hosts.equiv or $HOME/.rhosts. This default is discouraged for all but the most controlled networks. Specifying none turns off authentica- tion altogether. This is useful when u9fs is not invoked from inetd (see examples below, or srvssh in srv(4)). Specifying p9any uses the fourth edition Plan 9 authentication mechanisms. The file /etc/u9fs.key, or autharg if specified U9FS(4) U9FS(4) (see the -A option), is consulted for the authentication data and should be suitably pro- tected. This file must contain exactly three lines: secret (plaintext password), u9fs-user (user id), and plan9-auth.dom (authentication domain). Finally, factotum must be taught a key of the form: key proto=p9sk1 dom=plan9-auth.dom user=u9fs-user !password=secret -A autharg Used to specify an argument to the authentica- tion method. See the authentication descrip- tions above. -l logfile Specifies the file which should contain debug- ging output and other messages. The out-of- the-box compile-time default is /tmp/u9fs.log. -m msize Set msize for 9P2000 (see open(5)). -u user Treat all attaches as coming from user. This is useful in some cases when running without inetd; see the examples. If fsroot is specified, u9fs will serve only that tree; oth- wise, it will serve the entire Unix file system. EXAMPLES Plan 9 calls 9P file service 9fs with TCP port number 564. Set up this way on a machine called, say, kremvax, u9fs may be connected to the name space of a Plan 9 process by 9fs kremvax For more information on this procedure, see srv(4) and bind(1). By default, u9fs serves the entire file system of the Unix machine. It forbids access to devices because the program is single-threaded and may block unpredictably. Using the attach specifier device connects to a file system identical to the usual system except it only permits device access (and may block unpredictably): srv tcp!kremvax!9fs mount -c /srv/tcp!kremvax!9fs /n/kremvax device (The 9fs command does not accept an attach specifier.) Even so, device access may produce unpredictable results if the block size of the device is greater than 8192, the maximum U9FS(4) U9FS(4) data size of a 9P message. The source to u9fs is in the Plan 9 directory /sys/src/cmd/unix/u9fs. To install u9fs on a Unix system with an ANSI C compiler, copy the source to a directory on that system and run make. Then install the binary in /usr/etc/u9fs. Add this line to inetd.conf: 9fs stream tcp nowait root /usr/etc/u9fs u9fs and this to services: 9fs 564/tcp 9fs # Plan 9 fs Due to a bug in their IP software, some systems will not accept the service name 9fs, thinking it a service number because of the initial digit. If so, run the service as u9fs or 564. On systems where listeners cannot be started, execnet(4) is useful for running u9fs via other network mechanisms; the script srvssh in srv(4) provides this for the ssh protocol. SOURCE /sys/src/cmd/unix/u9fs DIAGNOSTICS Problems are reported to the log file specified with the -l option (default /tmp/u9fs.log). The -D flag enables chatty debugging. SEE ALSO bind(1), execnet(4), srv(4), ip(3), nfsserver(8) BUGS The implementation of devices is unsatisfactory. Semantics like remove-on-close or the atomicity of wstat are hard to provide exactly.