MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

          ms - macros for formatting manuscripts

          nroff -ms [ options ] file ...
          troff -ms [ options ] file ...

          This package of nroff and troff(1) macro definitions pro-
          vides a canned formatting facility for technical papers in
          various formats.

          The macro requests are defined below.  Many nroff and troff
          requests are unsafe in conjunction with this package, but
          the following requests may be used with impunity after the
          first .PP: `.bp', `.br', `.sp', `.ls', `.na'.

          Output of the eqn(1), tbl(1), pic(1) and grap(1) preproces-
          sors for equations, tables, pictures, and graphs is accept-
          able as input.


          M. E. Lesk, ``Typing Documents on the UNIX System: Using the
          -ms Macros with Troff and Nroff'', Unix Research System
          Programmer's Manual, Tenth Edition, Volume 2.
          eqn(1), troff(1), tbl(1), pic(1)

     Request   Initial Cause Explanation
               Value   Break
     .1C       yes     yes   One column format on a new page.
     .2C       no      yes   Two column format.
     .AB       no      yes   Begin abstract.
     .AE       -       yes   End abstract.
     .AI       no      yes   Author's institution follows.  Suppressed
                             in .TM.
     .AT       no      yes   Print `Attached' and turn off line fill-
     .AU x y   no      yes   Author's name follows.  x is location and
                             y is extension, ignored except in TM.
     .B x y    no      no    Print x in boldface, append y; if no
                             argument switch to boldface.
     .B1       no      yes   Begin text to be enclosed in a box.
     .B2       no      yes   End boxed text.
     .BI x y   no      no    Print x in bold italic and append y; if
                             no argument switch to bold italic.
     .BT       date    no    Bottom title, automatically invoked at

     MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

                             foot of page.  May be redefined.
     .BX x     no      no    Print x in a box.
     .CW x y   no      no    Constant width font for x, append y; if
                             no argument switch to constant width.
     .CT       no      yes   Print `Copies to' and turn off line fill-
     .DA x     nroff   no    `Date line' at bottom of page is x.
                             Default is today.
     .DE       -       yes   End displayed text.  Implies .KE.
     .DS x     no      yes   Start of displayed text, to appear verba-
                             tim line-by-line: `I' indented (default),
                             `L' left-justified, `C' centered, `B'
                             (block) centered with straight left mar-
                             gin.  Implies .KS.
     .EG       no      -     Print document in BTL format for
                             `Engineer's Notes.'  Must be first.
     .EN       -       yes   Space after equation produced by neqn or
     .EQ x y   -       yes   Display equation.  Equation number is y.
                             Optional x is I, L, C as in .DS.
     .FE       -       yes   End footnote.
     .FP x     -       no    Set font positions for a family, e.g.,
                             `.FP luxisans'
     .FS       no      no    Start footnote.  The note will be moved
                             to the bottom of the page.
     .HO       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Holmdel, New Jersey
     .I x y    no      no    Italicize x, append y; if no argument
                             switch to italic.
     .IH       no      no    `Bell Laboratories, Naperville, Illinois
     .IM       no      no    Print document in BTL format for an
                             internal memorandum.  Must be first.
     .IP x y   no      yes   Start indented paragraph, with hanging
                             tag x. Indentation is y ens (default 5).
     .KE       -       yes   End keep.  Put kept text on next page if
                             not enough room.
     .KF       no      yes   Start floating keep.  If the kept text
                             must be moved to the next page, float
                             later text back to this page.
     .KS       no      yes   Start keeping following text.
     .LG       no      no    Make letters larger.
     .LP       yes     yes   Start left-blocked paragraph.
     .LT       no      yes   Start a letter; a non-empty first argu-
                             ment produces a full Lucent letterhead, a
                             second argument is a room number, a third
                             argument is a telephone number.
     .MF       -       -     Print document in BTL format for `Memo-
                             randum for File.'  Must be first.
     .MH       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jer-
                             sey 07974'.
     .MR       -       -     Print document in BTL format for

     MS(7)                                                       MS(7)

                             `Memorandum for Record.'  Must be first.
     .ND date  troff   no    Use date supplied (if any) only in spe-
                             cial BTL format positions; omit from page
     .NH n     -       yes   Same as .SH, with automatic section num-
                             bers  like `1.2.3'; n is subsection level
                             (default 1).
     .NL       yes     no    Make letters normal size.
     .P1       -       yes   Begin program display in constant width
     .P2       -       yes   End program display.
     .PE       -       yes   End picture; see pic(1).
     .PF       -       yes   End picture; restore vertical position.
     .PP       no      yes   Begin paragraph.  First line indented.
     .PS h w   -       yes   Start picture; height and width in
     .PY       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Piscataway, New Jer-
                             sey 08854'
     .QE       -       yes   End quoted material.
     .QP       -       yes   Begin quoted paragraph (indent both mar-
     .QS       -       yes   Begin quoted material (indent both mar-
     .R        yes     no    Roman text follows.
     .RE       -       yes   End relative indent level.
     .RP       no      -     Cover sheet and first page for released
                             paper.  Must precede other requests.
     .RS       -       yes   Start level of relative indentation from
                             which subsequent indentation is measured.
     .SG x     no      yes   Insert signature(s) of author(s), ignored
                             except in .TM and .LT.  x is the
                             reference line (initials of author and
                             typist).  .}f
     .SH       -       yes   Section head follows, font automatically
     .SM       no      no    Make letters smaller.
     .TA x...  5...    no    Set tabs in ens.  Default is 5 10 15 ...
     .TE       -       yes   End table; see tbl(1).
     .TH       -       yes   End heading section of table.
     .TL       no      yes   Title follows.
     .TM x...  no      -     Print document in BTL technical memoran-
                             dum format.  Arguments are TM number,
                             (quoted list of) case number(s), and file
                             number.  Must precede other requests.
     .TR x     -       -     Print in BTL technical report format;
                             report number is x.  Must be first.
     .TS x     -       yes   Begin table; if x is H table heading is
                             repeated on new pages.
     .UL x     -       no    Underline argument (even in troff).
     .UX y z   -       no    `zUNIXy'; first use gives registered
                             trademark notice.
     .WH       -       no    `Bell Laboratories, Whippany, New Jersey

     MS(7)                                                       MS(7)