ATOF(3) ATOF(3) NAME atof, atoi, atol, atoll, charstod, strtod, strtol, strtoll, strtoul, strtoull - convert text to numbers SYNOPSIS #include <u.h> #include <libc.h> double atof(char *nptr) int atoi(char *nptr) long atol(char *nptr) vlong atoll(char *nptr) double charstod(int (*f)(void *), void *a) double strtod(char *nptr, char **rptr) long strtol(char *nptr, char **rptr, int base) vlong strtoll(char *nptr, char **rptr, int base) ulong strtoul(char *nptr, char **rptr, int base) vlong strtoull(char *nptr, char **rptr, int base) DESCRIPTION Atof, atoi, atol, and atoll convert a string pointed to by nptr to floating, integer, long integer, and long long inte- ger (vlong) representation respectively. The first unrecog- nized character ends the string. Leading C escapes are understood, as in strtol with base zero (described below). Atof recognizes an optional string of tabs and spaces, then an optional sign, then a string of digits optionally con- taining a decimal point, then an optional `e' or `E' fol- lowed by an optionally signed integer. Atoi and atol recognize an optional string of tabs and spaces, then an optional sign, then a string of decimal dig- its. Strtod, strtol, strtoll, strtoul, and strtoull behave simi- larly to atof and atol and, if rptr is not zero, set *rptr to point to the input character immediately after the string converted. Strtol, strtoll, strtoul, and strtoull interpret the digit ATOF(3) ATOF(3) string in the specified base, from 2 to 36, each digit being less than the base. Digits with value over 9 are repre- sented by letters, a-z or A-Z. If base is 0, the input is interpreted as an integral constant in the style of C (with no suffixed type indicators): numbers are octal if they begin with `0', hexadecimal if they begin with `0x' or `0X', otherwise decimal. Charstod interprets floating point numbers in the manner of atof, but gets successive characters by calling (*f)(a). The last call to f terminates the scan, so it must have returned a character that is not a legal continuation of a number. Therefore, it may be necessary to back up the input stream one character after calling charstod. SOURCE /src/lib9 SEE ALSO fscanf(3) DIAGNOSTICS Zero is returned if the beginning of the input string is not interpretable as a number; even in this case, rptr will be updated. These routines set errstr. BUGS Atoi and atol accept octal and hexadecimal numbers in the style of C, contrary to the ANSI specification. Atof, strtod, strtol, strtoul, strtoll, and strtoull are not provided: they are expected to be provided by the underlying system. Because they are implemented in the fmt library, charstod and strtod are preprocessor macros defined as fmtcharstod and fmtstrtod. To avoid name conflicts with the underlying system, atoi, atol, and atoll are preprocessor macros defined as p9atoi, p9atol, and p9atoll; see intro(3).