JPG(1)                                                     JPG(1)

          jpg, gif, png, ppm, bmp, yuv, ico, togif, toppm, topng,
          toico - view and convert pictures

          jpg [ -39cdefFkJrtv ] [ file ... ]
          gif [ -39cdektv ] [ file ... ]
          png [ -39cdektv ] [ file ... ]
          ppm [ -39cdektv ] [ file ... ]
          bmp [ file ]
          yuv [ file ]

          togif [ -c comment ] [ -l loopcount ] [ -d msec ] [ -t
          transindex ] [ file ... [ -d msec ] file ... ]
          toppm [ -c comment ] [ file ]
          topng [ -c comment ] [ [ -g gamma ] [ file ]

          ico [ file ]
          toico [ file ... ]

          These programs read, display, and write image files in pub-
          lic formats.  Jpg, gif, png, ppm, bmp, and yuv. read files
          in the corresponding formats and, by default, display them
          in the current window; options cause them instead to convert
          the images to Plan 9 image format and write them to standard
          output.  Togif, Toppm, and topng read Plan 9 images files,
          convert them to GIF, PPM, or PNG, and write them to standard

          The default behavior of jpg, gif, and ppm is to display the
          file, or standard input if no file is named.  Once a file is
          displayed, typing a character causes the program to display
          the next image.  Typing a q, DEL, or control-D exits the
          program.  For a more user-friendly interface, use page(1),
          which invokes these programs to convert the images to stan-
          dard format, displays them, and offers scrolling, panning,
          and menu-driven navigation among the files.

          These programs share many options:

          -e   Disable Floyd-Steinberg error diffusion, which is used
               to improve the appearance of images on color-mapped
               displays, typically with 8 bits per pixel.  Primarily
               useful for debugging; if the display has true RGB
               color, the image will be displayed in full glory.

          -k   Convert and display the image as a black and white
               (really grey-scale) image.

     JPG(1)                                                     JPG(1)

          -v   Convert the image to an RGBV color-mapped image, even
               if the display has true RGB color.

          -d   Suppress display of the image; this is set automati-
               cally by any of the following options:

          -c   Convert the image to a Plan 9 representation, as
               defined by image(7), and write it to standard output.

          -9   Like -c, but produce an uncompressed image.  This saves
               processing time, particularly when the output is being
               piped to another program such as page(1), since it
               avoids compression and decompression.

          -t   Convert the image, if it is in color, to a true color
               RGB image.

          -3   Like -t, but force the image to RGB even if it is orig-
               inally grey-scale.

          Jpg has two extra options used to process the output of the
          LML video card:

          -f   Merge two adjacent images, which represent the two
               fields of a video picture, into a single image.

          -F   The input is a motion JPEG file, with multiple images
               representing frames of the movie.  Sets -f.

          The togif and toppm programs go the other way: they convert
          from Plan 9 images to GIF and PPM, and have no display capa-
          bility.  Both accept an option -c to set the comment field
          of the resulting file.  If there is only one input picture,
          togif converts the image to GIF format.  If there are many
          files, though, it will assemble them into an animated GIF
          file.  The options control this process:

               By default, the animation will loop forever; loopcount
               specifies how many times to loop.  A value of zero
               means loop forever and a negative value means to stop
               after playing the sequence once.

               By default, the images are displayed as fast as they
               can be rendered.  This option specifies the time, in
               milliseconds, to pause while displaying the next named

          Gif translates files that contain a `transparency' index by
          attaching an alpha channel to the converted image.

     JPG(1)                                                     JPG(1)

          Ico displays a Windows icon (.ico) file.  If no file is
          specified, ico reads from standard input.  Icon files con-
          tain sets of icons represeted by an image and a mask.
          Clicking the right button pops up a menu that lets you write
          any icon's image as a Plan 9 image (widthxheight.image),
          write any icon's mask as a Plan 9 image (widthxheight.mask),
          or exit.  Selecting one of the write menu items yields a
          sight cursor.  Move the sight over the icon and right click
          again to write.

          Toico takes a list of Plan 9 image files (or standard input)
          and creates a single icon file.  The masks in the icon file
          will be the white space in the image.  The icon file is
          written to standard output.


          page(1), image(7).

          Writing an animated GIF using togif is a clumsy undertaking.