ASCII(1)                                                 ASCII(1)

     NAME
          ascii, unicode - interpret ASCII, Unicode characters

     SYNOPSIS
          ascii [ -8 ] [ -oxdbn ] [ -nct ] [ text ]

          unicode [ -nt ] hexmin-hexmax

          unicode [ -t ] hex [ ...  ]

          unicode [ -n ] characters

          look hex /lib/unicode

     DESCRIPTION
          Ascii prints the ASCII values corresponding to characters
          and vice versa; under the -8 option, the ISO Latin-1 exten-
          sions (codes 0200-0377) are included.  The values are inter-
          preted in a settable numeric base; -o specifies octal, -d
          decimal, -x hexadecimal (the default), and -bn base n.

          With no arguments, ascii prints a table of the character set
          in the specified base.  Characters of text are converted to
          their ASCII values, one per line. If, however, the first
          text argument is a valid number in the specified base, con-
          version goes the opposite way.  Control characters are
          printed as two- or three-character mnemonics.  Other options
          are:

          -n   Force numeric output.

          -c   Force character output.

          -t   Convert from numbers to running text; do not interpret
               control characters or insert newlines.

          Unicode is similar; it converts between UTF and character
          values from the Unicode Standard (see utf(7)). If given a
          range of hexadecimal numbers, unicode prints a table of the
          specified Unicode characters - their values and UTF repre-
          sentations.  Otherwise it translates from UTF to numeric
          value or vice versa, depending on the appearance of the sup-
          plied text; the -n option forces numeric output to avoid
          ambiguity with numeric characters.  If converting to UTF ,
          the characters are printed one per line unless the -t flag
          is set, in which case the output is a single string contain-
          ing only the specified characters.  Unlike ascii, unicode
          treats no characters specially.

          The output of ascii and unicode may be unhelpful if the

     ASCII(1)                                                 ASCII(1)

          characters printed are not available in the current font.

          The file /lib/unicode contains a table of characters and
          descriptions, sorted in hexadecimal order, suitable for
          look(1) on the lower case hex values of characters.

     EXAMPLES
          ascii -d
               Print the ASCII table base 10.

          unicode p
               Print the hex value of `p'.

          unicode 2200-22f1
               Print a table of miscellaneous mathematical symbols.

          look 039 /lib/unicode
               See the start of the Greek alphabet's encoding in the
               Unicode Standard.

     FILES
          /lib/unicode
               table of characters and descriptions.

     SOURCE
          /src/cmd/ascii.c
          /src/cmd/unicode.c

     SEE ALSO
          look(1), tcs(1), utf(7), font(7)