XD(1)                                                       XD(1)

          xd - dump file contents in multiple formats

          xd [ option ... ] [ -format ... ] [ file... ]

          Xd dumps the contents of each file in one or more formats.
          If no file is specified, standard input is read.  Input is
          processed in 16 byte chunks.  Each chunk is output in each
          of the specified formats, one format per line.  Each line of
          output is prefixed its file offset.  This is zero padded for
          the first format; subsequent formats are blank padded.  If
          more than one file is specified, the name of each file is
          output at the start of its dump.

          Output formats are specified by a two character name, 4x by
          default.  The first character defines the byte width of the
          format; the second character defines the style of output.

          The available width specifiers are:

          1 or b  1 byte units.
          2 or w  2 byte big-endian units.
          4 or l  4 byte big-endian units.
          8 or v  8 byte big-endian units.

          The available styles are:

          o    Octal
          d    Decimal
          x    Hexadecimal

          In addition to the above format specifiers, -c can be used
          to denote ASCII format.  This is the same as 1x except that
          codes are printed as printable ASCII characters or Limbo
          escape sequences where possible.

          -u        Unbuffered output.  The output buffer is flushed
                    after the dump of each 16 byte input chunk has
                    been generated.

          -r        Mark repeated 16 byte input chunks.  The first
                    chunk is output as per the format specifiers, fol-
                    lowed by an asterisk representing 1 or more occur-
                    rences of identical data.

          -s        Reverse the order of input bytes in chunks of 4
                    before processing for output.

     XD(1)                                                       XD(1)

          -astyle   Print file addresses in the given style.


          There is no means of dumping 2 or 8 byte wide values in
          little-endian form.