WM-SH(1)                                                 WM-SH(1)

          sh, mash - Window frames for the Inferno shells

          wm/sh [ -w width ] [ -h height ] [ -f font ] sh-args
          wm/mash mash-args

          Both wm/sh and wm/mash provide a graphical framework to
          their respective shells.  Both wrappers manage the input and
          output of the shell.  They provide facilities for scrolling
          and editing the output buffer and for constructing input to
          be sent to the shell.

          Wm/sh invokes the shell sh(1) with the arguments -n sh-args;
          wm/mash invokes mash(1) with the arguments mash-args. Wm/sh
          accepts the following additional options, which are not
          passed through to sh:

          -w width
               The window should be at least width pixels wide.

          -h height
               The window should be at least height pixels high.

          -f font
               Specify the font to use in the window.  Font should be
               the name of a valid font(6) file.

          Wm/sh and wm/mash both provide their own versions of
          /dev/cons and /dev/consctl files in the namespace of the
          invoked shell (see cons(3) for the originals) and attach the
          standard input of the invoked shell to the virtualised
          /dev/cons file.  Output from the shell, or of any commands
          run by the shell, is displayed in a scrollable text window,
          appearing at the output position, which is at the end of any
          previously output text, before any as-yet-unread user input

          Any text displayed on the console can be edited.  Typed text
          is always inserted at the position of the input cursor.  The
          input cursor can be moved to any point in the text by click-
          ing mouse button-1 at the desired position.  Selections can
          be made by dragging the mouse with button-1 held down.  Typ-
          ing into a selection copies its text to the Snarf buffer,
          the selected text is deleted and the typed character

          Text typed beyond the output point will be made available to
          commands reading from /dev/cons.  Normally this text is made

     WM-SH(1)                                                 WM-SH(1)

          available when newline is typed, but typing ESC turns on
          hold mode (the text turns blue), deferring the availability
          of the text until ESC is typed again, turning hold mode off.
          This allows simple multi-line editing of the standard input
          to a command.

          Writing rawon to /dev/consctl changes the above behaviour,
          making each character typed beyond the output point avail-
          able to commands as soon as it is typed; the character is
          not automatically echoed. Writing rawoff to /dev/consctl
          reverses this behaviour.

          In addition to dragging out selections, they can be made by
          double clicking mouse button-1.  Double clicking over a word
          selects the whole word.  Double clicking next to a brace or
          bracket selects the text between it and its matching brace
          or bracket.  If there is no match then no selection is made.

          Clicking mouse button-2 displays a pop-up menu of editing

          Cut  Copy the current selection to the Snarf buffer and then
               delete the selected text.  This command has no effect
               if there is no selected text, the Snarf buffer is not

               When there is no text selected, the contents of the
               Snarf buffer are inserted at the current input cursor.
               If a selection exits, its text is replaced by that of
               the Snarf buffer.  The new text is then selected.  The
               contents of the Snarf buffer remain unaltered.

               Copy the selected text to the Snarf buffer.  This com-
               mand has no effect if there is no selected text.

          Send If there is any text selected it is copied to the Snarf
               buffer.  The contents of the Snarf buffer is then
               appended to the end of the current shell input line,
               forwarding any NewLine completed lines to the shell's
               input stream.

          Mouse chording is implemented as in acme(1). Dragging a
          selection with button-1 held down and then also clicking
          button-2 cuts the selected text into the Snarf buffer.
          Clicking button-3 instead of button-2 replaces the selected
          text with the contents of the Snarf buffer.

          Clicking mouse button-3 plumbs the word or selection under
          the click point.  See plumber(8) for more information on

     WM-SH(1)                                                 WM-SH(1)

          Wm/sh also serves the file /chan/shctl.  The following com-
          mands may be written to this file:

          cwd dir
               Causes any plumbing request generated by wm/sh to be
               created with dir as its ``current directory''. This is
               shown in the title bar of the window.  Note that it is
               up to the command running inside wm/sh to keep this up
               to date (for instance, see EXAMPLES, below).

          button title sendtext
               A Tk button is created at the top of the shell window,
               labeled with title. When activated, sendtext will be
               sent to the shell window as if it had been typed.

          action title sendtext
               A button is created as for the button command, except
               that activation of the button causes sendtext to be
               sent to any process reading from /chan/shctl.

               Delete any buttons that have been created.

          Arguments to commands sent to /chan/shctl follow sh(1) quot-
          ing rules (the same as implemented by quoted and unquoted in
          string(2)). A process reading from /chan/shctl will block
          until an action button is activated, whereupon it will yield
          the sendtext associated with the button.

          Both wm/sh and wm/mash plumb text selected by button 3; an
          empty selection plumbs the white-space bounded text sur-
          rounding the selection.

          Define a sh(1) function to update the current directory

               fn cd {builtin cd $*; echo cwd `{pwd} >/chan/shctl}

          Note that this will not work in all cases, as it is possible
          to change the current directory without using the cd com-

          Create a button to automate a mount command (note the new-
          line in the argument string):

               echo ${quote button mount 'mount kremvax /n/remote
               '} > /chan/shctl

          Create a new wm/sh window with the above button already cre-

     WM-SH(1)                                                 WM-SH(1)

               wm/sh -ic {
                    echo ${quote button mount 'mount kremvax /n/remote
               '} > /chan/shctl


          sh(1), mash(1), wm(1), plumber(8)